sunshine hours

September 24, 2015

Once Upon A Time They Blamed Termites

Filed under: AGW is a Cult,Evil Environmentalists,Termites,UK — sunshinehours1 @ 4:53 PM
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Once Upon A Time They Blamed Termites. Maybe they were right.


Published: October 31, 1982

For several years scientists have been warning that carbon dioxide added to the atmosphere by increased burning of fuel is likely to alter world climates, like a greenhouse, by inhibiting the escape of heat into outer space.

Now researchers report that termites, digesting vegetable matter on a global basis, produce more than twice as much carbon dioxide as all the world’s smokestacks.

Termite gas production has become particularly high, the researchers say, because widespread clearing of land has offered them abundant food in the debris of felled forests. By digesting this debris, they are adding not only carbon dioxide but also methane to the atmosphere. Other researchers have found that methane in the atmosphere is increasing 2 percent a year.

The high level of termite gas production is reported in the Nov. 5 issue of the journal Science. The authors measured termite gas production inside laboratory jars. In Guatemala forests, they enclosed a huge arboreal termite nest in a Teflon bag to confirm that the insects were prolific producers of methane.

As pointed out Wednesday by one of the researchers, James P. Greenberg of the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colo., termites are far more abundant than most people realize. He estimated that there were three quarters of a ton of termites for every person on earth.

Another author of the report, Patrick R. Zimmerman of the atmospheric center in Boulder, said that plant respiration and decay added 10 to 15 times as much carbon dioxide to the air as termites. While the contribution of fuel burning is even less, it is superimposed on what, until recently, had been a balanced cycle of gas production and absorption by plants, the seas and other reservoirs.

The findings concerning carbon dioxide and methane production by termites do not offer much comfort regarding the long-term trend in atmospheric gases. The output from insects does not appear likely to increase greatly, while combustion of fuel is rising steadily as developing nations industrialize.

Other authors of the Science article were Dr. Paul J. Crutzen, director of the Max Planck Institute for Atmospheric Chemistry in Mainz, West Germany, and S.O. Wandiga of the University of Nairobi in Kenya.

The steady rise in methane was reported by Dr. Reinhold A. Rasmussen and Dr. M. Aslam Khan Khalil of the Oregon Graduate Center last year. They said human activity was also releasing increasing amounts of other gases that threatened climate, including carbon dioxide and fluorocarbons, which are used in refrigeration.

The possible significance of increased methane in the atmosphere touched off a debate in 1971 on whether supersonic transports might alter the stratosphere. Dr. S. Fred Singer, then at the University of Maryland, suggested that other human activities, including intensive cattle-fattening, were more important. He cited an estimate that bovine flatulence added 85 million tons of methane to the atmosphere each year. The new estimate for termites is 150 tons.”


Global Warming Zealots are to blame for the Deadly Diesel Fiasco

Filed under: AGW is a Cult,Diesel,Evil Environmentalists,NOx,UK — sunshinehours1 @ 12:36 PM
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The Diesel Fiasco and the AGW Cult:

Amid all the reporting of Volkswagen’s rigging of emission tests on its diesel cars, one inconvenient truth has been overlooked by the BBC and many media organisations. It is that we very largely owe the prevalence of these death-traps to the pernicious tyranny of the Green lobby.

That they are death traps can scarcely be denied. They spew out vastly more nitrogen oxide and nitrogen dioxide than petrol cars, both of which gases are potentially damaging, and 22 times more particulates — the minute particles that penetrate lungs, brains and hearts.

According to Martin Williams, professor of air quality research at King’s College London, diesel cars account for roughly 5,800 premature deaths a year in the UK alone. Other experts put the figure even higher.


Twenty years ago, diesel cars constituted a tiny minority. But following the signing of the Kyoto Protocol in 1997, most Western countries, including Britain, were legally obliged to reduce carbon dioxide emissions — alleged by some to cause climate change — by 8 per cent over the following 15 years.

Diesel cars produce slightly less — but only slightly — carbon dioxide than petrol ones. In 2001 the Labour government introduced a new tax regime whereby cars were taxed according to how much carbon dioxide they produce, a development that enormously favoured diesel over petrol. (Duty at the pump has been the same for petrol and diesel since 2000.)

Gordon Brown, then Chancellor, also introduced tax incentives to encourage company car buyers to plump for diesels. Across the EU, car manufacturers were encouraged to develop diesel models.

As a consequence, about half of new cars in Britain are now diesels. In some European countries such as France and Italy, where there have been similar inducements, the proportion is even higher.

When recently buying a new car, I was attracted to a diesel partly because its annual tax was only £40, in comparison to £150 for the petrol version, otherwise identical. Happily, my wife, who had read about the polluting effects of diesels, overruled me. Even I had been almost gulled by Green lobbyists and the blandishments of politicians into doing something that I would have regretted.

You may say ministers didn’t realise that diesels discharge dangerous emissions — but you would be wrong. A 1993 report published by the Department of the Environment was fully aware of the potentially lethal effects of diesel cars.



November 29, 2014

Warmer Winters Saves Lives

Filed under: Cold Kills,UK — sunshinehours1 @ 9:13 AM
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The lowest ever number of winter deaths was recorded last year, official figures for England and Wales show.

An estimated 18,200 excess winter deaths occurred in 2013-14, the lowest number since records began in 1950-51.

Last winter was notably warmer than in previous years and had a relatively mild flu season which contributed to the lower number of deaths.”

August 9, 2014

The Great ‘Green’ Diesel Car Scam Was a Killer

Filed under: Diesel,Evil Environmentalists,NOx,UK — sunshinehours1 @ 6:59 AM
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I’ve mentioned this from time. The AGW cult heavily promoted diesel cars to save us from evil CO2 and in return they actually ruined the air quality of the countries that were dumb enough to fear CO2 more than filthy air.

The great irony is now that the CO2 scam is falling apart, governments are now punishing the owners of diesel cars for being dumb enough to trust the governments recommendations to buy diesel care.

Here is the sad truth about diesel cars in the UK.

“While diesel produces lower emissions of three greenhouse gases (carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide), the report said, it produces larger emissions of ‘nitrogen oxides’ and ‘most importantly, far larger emissions of particulate matter and black smoke’.

These, it transpires, are the ingredients now causing such concern about diesel cars. Nitrogen oxides have been linked to bronchitis and heart disease, the black smoke can exacerbate asthma, while the ultra-fine particles can penetrate deep into the lungs and bloodstream.

In 2012, the World Health Organisation classified diesel fume particulates as a carcinogen, while other research suggests that they can cause brain damage and autism.

According to Professor Frank Kelly, chairman of the Department of Health’s committee on air pollution, diesel engines could be responsible for more than 7,000 deaths a year.”

And now owners will be punished:

“Islington council in London is introducing £20 on-the-spot fines for any diesel driver caught with his engine running when stationary.

Mayor of London Boris Johnson has announced, in response to the threat of fines from the EU for breaching air pollution limits, that from 2020 diesel owners driving into the capital will have to pay a £10 pollution premium.”

(h/t Climate Realists)

Previous interesting stories:

““Successive governments knew more than 10 years ago that diesel was producing all these harmful pollutants, but they myopically plowed on with their CO2 agenda,” said Simon Birkett, founder of Clean Air in London, a nonprofit group. “It’s been a catastrophe for air pollution, and that’s not too strong a word. It’s a public-health catastrophe.””


“The small particles blighting the air of Delhi and other leading developing cities around the world are often dust from construction sites, pollution from diesel engines or industrial emissions.”


June 15, 2014

Will Britain Enjoy Fewer Cold Days Thanks To Global Warming? No.

Filed under: HADCET,Mockery,UK — sunshinehours1 @ 7:00 PM
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A new “study” is out.

“Britain will have fewer days of ‘extreme cold’ and will enjoy milder winters as a direct result of climate change, according to a new study.

The new research is set to cool growing fears that the Northern Hemisphere could be gripped by more severe winters throughout the next century due to the Arctic warming up.”

In these cases I like to turn to HADCET Daily Minimum data which is available from 1878 on. And I thought I would look at the number of days that the minimum was lower or equal to 0C for each year.

 Wow. 2010 had the 6th highest number of days that were 0C or colder. So much for “Global Warming”.

Year Days Longest Coldwave
1879 91 18
1917 90 28
1887 83 11
1888 81 23
1892 80 14
2010 79 16
1963 78 27
1895 75 32
1909 75 23
1891 73 13

What about equal to or less than -5C? Wow! 2010 was 2nd highest with 21 days.

Year Days Longest Coldwave
1963 26 5
2010 21 5
1895 20 11
1892 17 7
1940 17 14
1881 16 8
1985 16 6
1879 14 7
1962 14 3
1878 13 6

614 Days Under -5C 6281 Days Under 0C

April 27, 2014

Coal Vengeance on Drax

Filed under: Clean Air,Coal,UK,wood,wood burning — sunshinehours1 @ 6:05 PM
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“Britain’s biggest power station is suing the Government for losing a lucrative contract after a Mail on Sunday investigation revealed that it burns wood from precious US forests as a ‘green’ alternative to coal.

Drax is committed to switching from coal to ‘biomass’, or wood pellets.

In December, Energy and Climate Change Secretary Ed Davey promised the North Yorkshire plant two lucrative ‘contracts for difference’ – which would see it earn £105 for every megawatt hour it generates, rather than the normal price of £50.

But this paper revealed that much of its biomass is shipped in from historic wetland hardwood forests – 3,000 miles away in North Carolina.

“Environmentalists” say this is destroying endangered species’ habitats, and increasing greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.”


However, keep in mind it was “Environmentalists” who have worked hard to stop fracking. Natural gas has half the CO2 per mega-joule of energy compared to coal. And it is much, much cleaner than coal or wood.


November 6, 2013

HADCET October 2013 – Very Warm

Filed under: HADCET,UK — sunshinehours1 @ 12:19 PM

 HADCET (Central England Temperature) October 2013 was a warm one, unlike September.

I have 3 graphs for you. They are HADCET Mean, Min and Max. The Min and Max HADCET data is only available from 1878 on.

October 2013 is tied for 10th warmest using the Mean data, 11th warmest using the Max data, and 5th warmest using the Min data.

For the Max data, 1921,1959,1969,1995,2001,2006,2011,2005,1945 and 1978 Octobers were warmer  than October 2013.

Amazingly, October 1921 was 1.7C warmer than 2013 using Max data. Click on graphs to make bigger.

HADCET MEAN Monthly - OCT only 1663 to 2013

HADCET MIN Monthly - OCT only 1878 to 2013

HADCET MAX Monthly - OCT only 1878 to 2013

October 26, 2013

HADCET By Month Last 10 Years

Filed under: HADCET,UK — sunshinehours1 @ 9:37 AM

 HADCET (Central England Temperature)  over the last 10 years has been cooling at a rate of -1.2C per decade.

I thought I would graph each month with the seasons grouped together.

I find it fascinating to see some months (such as October’s -.012C/Decade) are barely cooling  while Janruary is cooling at -2.6C per decade.

Click to see full size.

HADCET  2003 to 2012

October 3, 2013

HADCET September 2013 – Only 128 Years Were Warmer

Filed under: HADCET,UK — sunshinehours1 @ 10:39 AM

 HADCET (Central England Temperature) Sep 2013 was tied for 129th warmest out of 352 at 13.7C. The warmest September was 16.8C  in 2006. The 2nd warmest was 16.6C in 1729!!!!

The barplot is the Septembers since 1659. The temperature is the anomaly from the 1981 to 2010 average.

The yellow bars are the years warmer than September 2013. Green bars indicate a tie with September 2013. Click for bigger.

HADCET (since 1659) monthly mean - Sep

September 9, 2013

HADCET Seasonal Last 15 Years – Cooling As Much as -1.3C/decade

Filed under: HADCET,UK — sunshinehours1 @ 8:00 AM

 HADCET (Central England Temperature) Seasonal Trend For Last 15 Years is Cooling

December January February is cooling at -1.3C/decade

March April May is cooling at -.594C/decade

September October November is cooling at -.107C/decade

June July August is cooling at -.232C/decade





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